长沙地区雾霾特征及影响因子分析

张小红, 刘炼烨, 陈喜红. 长沙地区雾霾特征及影响因子分析[J]. 环境工程学报, 2014, 8(8): 3361-3366.
引用本文: 张小红, 刘炼烨, 陈喜红. 长沙地区雾霾特征及影响因子分析[J]. 环境工程学报, 2014, 8(8): 3361-3366.
Zhang Xiaohong, Liu Lianye, Chen Xihong. Characteristics of fog/haze and its influencing factors in Changsha[J]. Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2014, 8(8): 3361-3366.
Citation: Zhang Xiaohong, Liu Lianye, Chen Xihong. Characteristics of fog/haze and its influencing factors in Changsha[J]. Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2014, 8(8): 3361-3366.

长沙地区雾霾特征及影响因子分析

  • 基金项目:

    长沙市科技局立项课题(K1303016-11)

  • 中图分类号: X831

Characteristics of fog/haze and its influencing factors in Changsha

  • Fund Project:
  • 摘要: 根据长沙地区1970—2012年气象观测资料及环境监测数据,对近43年长沙雾霾特征及影响因子进行了分析。结果表明,长沙地区雾的年际变化具有显著的倒“U”型特征,霾整体上呈上升趋势;雾霾天气主要集中在秋冬季节,春夏季节较少;从空间分布来看,望城区(县)和宁乡县雾霾天气最多,浏阳市次之,长沙市区最少。在一次持续性雾霾天气过程中(10.2~10.12),相对湿度、PM2.5质量浓度与能见度呈现显著负相关,说明PM2.5质量浓度和相对湿度是雾霾天气形成的首要影响因子。
  • 加载中
  • [1] 吴兑.关于霾与雾的区别和灰霾天气预警的讨论.气象,2005,31 (4): 3-7 Wu Dui. Discussions about differences between haze and fog as well as haze weather warning. Weather, 2005, 31 (4):3-7(in Chinese)
    [2] 李东海,何彩霞.浅谈雾霾天气的识别及预警策略.安徽农学通报,2011,17(18):165-166 Li Donghai, He Caixia. Discussions about identifications between haze and fog as well as warning strategies. Anhui Agricultural Science Bulletin,2011,17(18):165-166(in Chinese)
    [3] 葛梅,王东,王进军. 浅议轻雾与霾的区别.黑龙江气象,2010,27(3):30-31 Ge Mei, Wang Dong, Wang Jinjun. Discussions about differences between mist and haze. Heilongjiang Weather,2010,27(3):30-31(in Chinese)
    [4] 叶光营,吴毅伟,刘必桔.福州区域雾霾天气时空分布特征分析.环境科学与技术,2010,33(10):114-119 Ye Guangying, Wu Yiwei, Liu Biju. Analysis of spatial and temporal characteristics of fog/haze in Fuzhou. Environmental Science & Technology, 2010, 33(10):114-119(in Chinese)
    [5] 陈燕,薛旭,陈建新,等.南阳市灰霾天气污染特征及其健康效应.气象科技,2010,38(6):737-740 Chen Yan, Xue Xu, Chen Jianxin, et al. The pollution characteristics and Health effects of haze in Nanyang. Meteorological Technology,2010,38(6):737-740(in Chinese)
    [6] 钱峻屏,黄菲,杜鹃,等. 广东省雾霾天气能见度的时空特征分析Ⅰ:季节变化.生态环境,2006,15(6):1324-1330 Qian Junping, Huang Fei, Du Juan,et al. Analysis of spatial and temporal characteristics of visibility of fog/haze in Guangdong Province I: Seasonal variation. Ecological Environment, 2006, 15 (6):1324-1330(in Chinese)
    [7] 张运英,黄菲,杜鹃,等.广东雾霾天气能见度时空特征分析——年际年代际变化.热带地理,2009,29(4):324-328 Zhang Yunying, Huang Fei, Du Juan, et al. Analysis of spatial and temporal characteristics of visibility of fog/haze weather in Guangdong—Inter-annual and decadal variations. Tropical Geography, 2009, 29 (4):324-328(in Chinese)
    [8] 余梓木,周红妹,郑有飞.基于遥感和GIS的城市颗粒物污染分布研究.自然灾害学报,2004,13(3):58-64 Yu Zimu, Zhou Hongmei, Zheng Youfei. Study on urban particulate matter pollution distribution based on remote sensing and GIS. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2004, 13 (3):58-64(in Chinese)
    [9] 魏建苏,孙燕,严文莲,等.南京霾天气的特征分析和影响因素初探.气象科学,2010,30(6):868-873 Wei Jiansu, Sun Yan, Yan Wenlian, et al. Characteristic analysis of haze weather in Nanjing and preliminary study on impact factors. Meteorological Science, 2010, 30 (6):868-873(in Chinese)
    [10] 边海,韩素芹,张裕芬,等.天津市大气能见度与颗粒物污染的关系.中国环境科学,2012,32(3):406-410 Bian Hai, Han Suqin, Zhang Yufen, et al. Relationship between atmospheric visibility in Tianjin and particulate matter pollution. China Environmental Science, 2012, 32 (3):406-410(in Chinese)
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1497
  • HTML全文浏览数:  735
  • PDF下载数:  927
  • 施引文献:  0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-06-04
  • 刊出日期:  2014-07-31

长沙地区雾霾特征及影响因子分析

  • 1. 长沙环境保护职业技术学院环境监测系, 长沙 410004
  • 2. 湖南省气象台中短期预报科, 长沙 410118
基金项目:

长沙市科技局立项课题(K1303016-11)

摘要: 根据长沙地区1970—2012年气象观测资料及环境监测数据,对近43年长沙雾霾特征及影响因子进行了分析。结果表明,长沙地区雾的年际变化具有显著的倒“U”型特征,霾整体上呈上升趋势;雾霾天气主要集中在秋冬季节,春夏季节较少;从空间分布来看,望城区(县)和宁乡县雾霾天气最多,浏阳市次之,长沙市区最少。在一次持续性雾霾天气过程中(10.2~10.12),相对湿度、PM2.5质量浓度与能见度呈现显著负相关,说明PM2.5质量浓度和相对湿度是雾霾天气形成的首要影响因子。

English Abstract

参考文献 (10)

目录

/

返回文章
返回